About Ali Shiri

Ali Shiri is an associate professor in the School of Library and Information Studies at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. He joined the University of Alberta as an assistant professor in 2004. Before joining the University of Alberta, Ali worked as senior researcher in the Centre for Digital Library Research at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland, and was project officer for the NHS Glasgow Health Information Gateway. He teaches courses on digital libraries and knowledge organization. He obtained his associate’s degree in library science from Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran, and his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in library and information science from the University of Tehran. He holds a doctorate in information science from the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde, in Glasgow. His research areas include user search and interaction behavior, digital library user interfaces, and knowledge organization systems and social tagging in digital libraries. He has published widely on thesaurus-enhanced search user interfaces.

Author Archive | Ali Shiri

Big Data: Myth or Reality?

In September 2012, I presented a paper on Big Data at the  Internet, Politics, Policies 2012: Big Data, Big Challenges conference, held by Oxford Internet Institute. The conference focused on methods, techniques and technologies for managing, making use of and benefiting from large and complex data sets. Big data may include the data that is gathered by web-based services on user transaction and interaction, research data resulting from funded research projects, large linked data sets available on the web as well as data created, manipulated or modified by scientists, engineers, social scientists and digital humanities scholars.

There are many different terms used in the literature that may refer to or be associated with the phenomenon of ‘big data’, including such terms as research data, digital data, linked data, open data, web of data and data repositories. The availability and discourse of these data types presents new research, development and policy opportunities as well as challenges. Domains and disciplines within natural sciences, social sciences and humanities can leverage the power of big data to create new research initiatives and avenues and to inform the development of policies, practices, systems and services.

Following the emergence of search engines, digital libraries and various types of institutional repositories in the 1990s and 2000s, big data is gradually finding its way into our new digital information environment. The increasing pace of data-intensive teaching, learning, business, research, and development calls for a solid understanding and application of big data in a wide range of domains and disciplines. Information science is well-positioned to inform the organization, management and effective use of big data to support research and education.

 

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The Important Role of Thesauri in New Information Environments

Thesauri have been a primary dimension of the research and development interests of experts in information retrieval, online searching, user interface design, knowledge organization in general, indexing and abstracting, cataloguing and classification, and information search behavior studies. Developments in the age of the World Wide Web have paved the way for the increasingly more extensive use of knowledge organization systems such as thesauri.

Illustrative of these developments are new web-related formats and standards; new internet programming languages and platforms; and, more flexible and functional user interface design methodologies, along with significant increases in the speed, efficiency, and ubiquity of computer systems. These developments relate to the following areas of intellectual inquiry impacting thesauri: Digital libraries, Interoperability, Semantic web, Simple Knowledge Organization Systems (SKOS), Linked data, Taxonomies, Social tagging and folksonomies, Ontologies, Query formulation and expansion, Faceted and exploratory search, Search user interfaces, Information architecture, and Metadata. It is predicted that thesauri and other types of knowledge organization systems will be used in an increasingly wider variety of web services and applications.

The potential is virtually unlimited for web related developments and technologies to present new ways of both reconciling and exploiting multiple thesauri, and the knowledge structures inherent in thesauri, in support of information access and retrieval. My recently published book titled, Powering Search: The Role of Thesauri in New Information Environments  provides a comprehensive treatment of the role, functions and applications of thesauri in new digital information organization, representation and retrieval environments.

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